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2011 06 07

Name Scroll

         The Book that follows contains many names of beings, places, and things. This Scroll of Names, in the old tradition, provides brief explanations based in most cases on language and the mythology.

          A most ancient mythological name that means Sea Giant, the water man, a name for the ocean itself. Its etymology is unknown; it may be as in ahwa: water, agna: running water, or the mother language ewa: course.
          The aesir are stirrers, inciters, and the name for the race of Ases. Ae means ever, and perhaps the aesir are the ever-living, for it is also ansuz from asu: vitality.
          All-father, a name of Woden.
          One of the Nine Worlds. Home of the race of Light Elves ~ beings with formidable magical powers, exercised variously for the benefit or injury of humankind. The mythology recognizes both dark and light elves.
Arctic Ocean
          Arctic means literally: of-the-bear-star, and symbolizes the cold, far north. The Arctic Circle bounds all those stars that never set.
          Ancient root culture the name of which conceals many meanings.
          Ases' Yard, one of the Nine Worlds.
          The name of the first man, made of ash-wood.
          Aud: riches, and humbla: hornless, make the name for the primal cow whose four rich streams of milk nourished the giant Ymir. But aud's oldest meaning is also fortune, as in the prosperous lot that may befall one, and is related to the word for heritage.
          Set of twenty-one lost sacred books.
          The light and beautiful aesir, son of Woden and Frig of whom only good things are told. With Balder's death begins Ragnarok, but he returns to live in the new world after it. Balder's appearance is so beautiful and so bright that light shines from him, and where he lives (in Breidablik: Broad-view) there is no impurity. While the root-word's oldest meaning is white, it developed from lord and hero into bold: stout-hearted.
          One of the dispersed Aryan nations.
Beast 666
          Bellow, the giant killed by Freyr with a hart's horn.
          Bellowing ~ see Belja.
          Keltic needfire festival of the quarter year.
          Furious bearskin and wolfhide warriors in shamanic trance that renders them insensitive to fire or pain and in which trance do not bleed; when the fever abates they are weak and tame.
          Giantess whose name means bast- or bark-less, mother of Woden.
          Song-of-the-divine-one exalting faith and action.
          Tremble-roost, the rainbow, foremost of bridges, between Asgard and Midgard. Every day ride aesir thither up over Bifrost, which is also called Asbru (Aesir's Bridge).
          Bale-thorn, giant father of Bestla.
          Bairn or Child, father of Woden.
          Surfer, the name of the giants' beerhall.
          The golden Shining Necklace, emblem of the stars or the fruitfulness of the Earth; its fire reflected in the shimmering northern lights. Forged by four dwarfs, Freija spent a night with each of them to obtain it, and it is her most precious possession.
          There is more than one buddha and each may have an earthly life, but there is never more than one in the world at any time.
          Birther, the first human form licked free from the primor~ial ice by the cow Audhumbla; father ofBor and progenitor of the aesir.
          Brother of Loki. His name means Roar-of-the-Galewind-Lightning.
          The avatar of Israel known as White Kristr, who spawned long-lived Kristni cults.
          A Kristni cult ritual of Winter Sunstead.
          Day, son of Nott and Dellingr.
          Singer, a dwarf.
          Mark is march and border, thus: Borderland-of-Danes, a Teutonic people.
Dark Alfheim
          One of the Nine Worlds. Home of the race of Dark Elves, blacker than pitch, and very different from Light Elves.
          Dayspring, father of the Sun.
          Virgin Sisters, served in the hall where their looms weave the lots of men.
          Drift (of snow), a frost giantess.
          Keltic class of priests, teachers, diviners, and magicians; physicians, historians, mathematicians, astronomers. Persecuted and extinct.
          Wanderer, a dwarf.
          Giant aesir lord, Thor's mother.
          Edge-you, a giant.
          Dweller in a preholocaust land.
Elf Beam
          The Sun.
          Ice Waves, the Way-of-the-Storming-Snows, the Milky Way.
          The name of the first woman, made of elm-wood.
          Teutonic inhabitants of the ancient Land-of-Ing.
          Runemaster of the Herulr tribe bound to Woden.
          Legendary land of antiquity, Yore Opening.
          David, audio record note to 'Spirit of African Sanctus'.
          A division of the Vendidad, a chapter.
          Fen-dweller (one of Loki ' s offspring), the monster wolfbound by the aesir with the fetter Gleipnir. Thus Woden's bane lies until Ragnarok.
          Frig's abode, Fen Chambers.
          Awesome-divine, a name for Woden.
          One of the roosters who crow before Ragnarok. Also a learned giant.
          Fair-guni ~ a mountain, a name for Mother Earth, Thor's mother.
          Encyclopedic codex history of Norse kings incorporating stories from different sources.
          A Teutonic tribal member.
          Beautiful vanir Mistress of lovers and fertility. Sister to Freyr, she possesses a falcon garment that enables her to fly and the fabled necklace Brisingamen. She taught aesir the magic of seidr. When she rides into the fight, she chooses half the fallen to come to her abode Folkvangr: Folk-Field, and her hall Sessrumnir: Roominess-in-seats.
          Vanir Master, Lord of fertility. Also known as Ingwaz Freyr, he is brother to Freija, and resides in Alfheim. The boar Golden Bristles pulls his chariot.
          Aesir Woman, Love or Beloved, the silent wise woman who spins her wheel in secret, wife of Woden. Keys hang from her girdle, symbolizing the married mistress of the household. From Fensolum, she attends to the well­being of mortals ~ smoothing the paths of lovers, ruling married love, spreading knowledge, and dealing justice.
          Member of a Teutonic tribe.
          The giant Frost.
Frost Mane
          Name of the horse that brings the night, Hrimfaxi: Rime-mane.
          Follower, a person's spirit double, a female or animal guardian fetch or wraith who counsels in dreams. A Fylgja can act or appear instead of the person, but to see one's own means imminent death.
          Chant, an intoned magic spell.
          Goer, vagabond or wanderer, a name of Woden.
          The Ragged One, the hound whose baying before Gnipahel is one of the signals to Ragnarok when Garmr and Tyr fight each other to the death.
          A Teutonic tribal member.
          Spear Thruster, a valkyrie.
          The giant daughter Girder, the encircling protectress ofthe Earth, and wife to Freyr.
          The boundless deep of all beginnings that was before Earth and Heaven, the magical mouth of creation and sacred illusion.
          Yelling Horn, the ringing trumpet Heimdal blows when the Bifrost bridge is violated to begin Ragnarok.
          The supple fetter with which F enris is bound. Dwarfs crafted it of a cat-walk's din, sinews of bears, the shaggy beards of women, roots of mountains, the breath of fish, and the spittle of birds.
          Peak Cave, in front of which Garmr barks.
          Good Nations.
          Enchanted one, a valkyrie.
          A Teutonic tribal member.
          A hmd in prehistory.
          A dragon monster giant.
          Golden-comb, one of the roosters whose crowmg announces Ragnarok.
          Gold-draught, the personified greed for gold; the thrice purified gold is the conscious soul.
          Woden's spear Quailer, that is, to bring into subjection by fear; Runes are carved on its point.
          Battler, a valkyrie.
          Battle-inviter, the giantess who guarded the mead of the Skalds.
          A giant, father of Gerdr.
          The personification of a person's good fortune and a soul-like protective spirit ~ the shape-grown, or skin-lady.
          High, a name of Woden.
          High-one, a name of Woden.
          Home-dale, deadly enemy of Loki; they kill each other at Ragnarok. He is called the white aesir and is mighty and holy. He was born of maidens nine and all sisters. His teeth are made of gold; his horse's name is Gulltopper (Goldtuft). Where he abides is named Himinbjorg (Heavenly Mountain) near Bifrost. He is the warden who sits at the gate by heaven's end to guard the bridge against mountain giants. He needs less sleep than a bird. He sees even in night as in day a hundred leagues in front of him. He can hear grass grow in the earth or wool on a sheep's back and hears all that's louder. He has a trumpet that's named Gjallarhorn, and its blast is heard in all the homes.
          The ogress Death, one of Loki's children by the giantess Angrboda (Grief-bringer). Hela was cast by Woden into the abode Niflhel in Helheim ~ not a hell but a residence they can never leave for those who died on land. She was given power over nine homes, to hers must shift all abodes of them sent to her; but those are the sick-dead and the old-age-dead. She has a mighty bulwark, and her gard is exceedingly high and the gates great. Eljudnir (Mind-energy-sprinkle) her chamber is named, Hunger her plate, Famine her knife, Go-slow her thrall, Go-slower her bondmaid, Falling-peril her threshold to go in, Sick-pallet her bed, Bleak Bale the chamber hangings. She is half blue and half with skin tone. Thus is she marked out and rather stooping and fierce.
          Lady Hela.
          One of the Nine Worlds, Death-home, the dark Other World of illusion.
          One of the displaced Aryan nations.
          Father-of-the-Harriers, a name of Woden.
Herjan's nuns
          Herjan is Lord-of-the-Wild-Host, a name of Woden; his nuns are valkyries.
          Din of battle, a valkyrie.
          A name of Aegir.
          A name for Frig; it means Protectress.
          Hearth-place, a mythical name of the Earth.
Hodmimi's Wood
          The Wood of Mimir's Treasure (the Hoard of Mimir - Woden's eye?), the forest of refuge from Ragnarok for Lif and Lifthrasir.
          The blind aesir Slaughterer is the immensely strong son of Woden who slays Balder with a branch of mistletoe; he is killed at Ragnarok by Vali but returns with Balder after the Earth's green renewal.
          The name of one of the aesir who with Lodur and Woden gave the gifts of life to Ask and Embla. He reappears in the new world after Ragnarok; Skalds call him bench-mate or fellow, or Woden's meal- finder and the shooting aesir and long-foot and gold-king.
Holy Roman Church
          The Kristni cult institution that held sway for two-thousand years but was neither holy or Roman, nor, ethnographically speaking, a church.
          Caller, a name of Woden.
          Senile, a giant.
Hudson's Bay
          Bay-of-the-Hide-of-Atonement, from a legendary geography.
          Roarer, a giant (perhaps a name of Loki).
          Geyser Grove, where Loki lies fettered.
          Dusk-maker, a giant.
          Iron Saber, a giantess who bore Thor two sons, Magni and Modi.
          The icy land of the Skalds.
         In Shining, ancient land where many sacred texts were preserved.
          Aryan of legend.
          A pre-holocaust institution against Kristni heresy that over many centuries burned hundreds and thousands.
          A Keltic people.
          The only surviving work of Ari Thorgilsson. Written at the instigation of Icelandic bishops, it chronicles the spread of Kristni doctrine but its outline history contains an account of the settlement and other events of historical importance.
          The Carry God nation of White Kristr.
          One of the dispersed Aryan nations.
          The Iron Woods.
          The ancient Yah-Weh's people - followers of the Light of the Elohim. Theirs a religion of exile from the primordial tree in the garden.
          Icicle, a giant.
          A name for the serpent that encircles Midgard. A compound of two very ancient mythological words; gandr is an enchanted object or the primal supernatural force itself;jormun (it's a name for Woden) implies superhuman vastness: jormun-ground is a term for the Earth, and jormun-thiot for human­kind.
          One of the Nine Worlds, Giant Home. Thejotun race is not the only giant race of the mythology; an old saying: 'high like a risi, strong like a jotun, homely like a thurs,' or, tall as a risi (a handsome, long-lived race), strong as ajotun (the true giant), and stupid as a thurs (a demon), notes three giant races. The mythology does not clearly separate them. Some of the giants were human.:like except for their size, some were huge demoniacal beings like the eight-headed Starkadr, while others were monsters as the Midgard Serpent. Intercourse between the aesir (as between vanir) and jotun was frequent and, though many battles were fought between them, they are kin many times over. Buri, the progenitor of the aesir, had a giant to wife. Thor's wife, the giantess Iarnsaxa bore him two sons, Magni and Modi who survive Ragnarok. The giant Hymir is Tyr's father. Gymir's daughter Gerdr was woed by Freyr. Ymir was the first being in existence from whom came the giants of air, fire, water, and earth. Little is known of the last, the bergbui, bergjarl, bergrisis - the mountain giants. Ymir's sons included the water-jotun Aegir from whom with his wife Ran descended Mimir, Gymir, Grendel (all well­known mythological giants), as well as nine wave maidens - Heimdal's mothers. Also reckoned a son of Y mir is Loki - often characterized as the Flame; the world of fire, however, is ruled by the giant Surtr. The giants of the air were hrim-thursar, rime-giants, also descended from Ymir through his son Kare. Kare had three sons: Beli, Thiazi who had a daughter Skadi, and Thrym who is called lord of the thursar. Thrym's children include Jokul, Frosti, Snoer, and Drifta.
Julius Caesar
          Yulean (Big Wheel), Emperor of the Romans.
          Curly, a Skaldic name for the sea, a giant.
          One of the dispersed Aryan nations.
          Doctrine, preaching, lesson, teaching, sign, token, knowledge: to name after. Figurative diction of the Skalds, a poetic paraphrase: wave-steed is ship, bone-biter sword; some impossible to solve without knowledge of the corresponding myth: Son-of-Earth is Thor, Ymir's-skull the sky. The language of kennings sometimes approaches that of riddles; the artistry is in the word-picture created.
          The mythical court at Merchants' Harbor.
          The incarnated Sun, the avatar of the Bhagavad-gita.
          Life, with Lifthrasir the couple whose great kin-produce people all the homes of the new age after Ragnarok.
          Life Struggler, see Lif.
          Member of a Baltic tribe.
          Inviter, Bidder. Nothing else is known but the name of this aesir who with Hoenir and Woden gave the gifts of life to Ask and Embla.
          Also counted with the aesir is Woden's blood-brother, who some call aesir's slander-bearer and first-summoner of falsehoods and un-friend to all gods and peoples. He is called Loki (Enlightener, or Lucifer, Light-bringer) or Loptur (Lofty-one), son of the giant Farbauta (Fare-beater). His mother's name is Laufey (Leafy) or Nal (Needle). Loki is peaceful and fair countenanced, ill in temperament, much changeable in habits. His counsel is beyond that of other people, and is slyly pledged and with fraudulence to all lots. He equally comes to help the aesir in difficulties, and often redeemed himself then with wily trickery. His woman's name is Sigyn, with whom he has two sons. His family has still more offspring. Angrboda (Grief-bringer) is the name of an ogress in Jotunheim. With her got Loki three offspring. One was Fenris-wolf, another Jormungandr, that is the Midgard-worm, and a third is Hela. Loki is both hero and deceiver. He steers a ship of monsters and freaks against the aesir at Ragnarok when he fights Heimdal to the death of both.
          Might, son of Thor, who with his brother Modi becomes heir to their father's mighty hammer Mjolnir after Ragnarok.
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
          An otherwise unknown yoga master.
          One of the Nine Worlds, Middle Yard, humanity's home.
          Rememberer, the thrice-wise jotun lives by the well of peace and consciousness. He is full of wisdom because he drank from the well out of Gjallarhorn. There came Alfadur to bid a drink from the well. But he fetched none, until he laid an eye to abide there as a pledge.
          Miller, the crusher, the name of Thor's hammer that produces thunder and lightning when thrown. After Thor's death at Ragnarok, his sons Modi and Magni inherit it. Mjolnir is feared by the giants as a combat weapon, but its greatest importance is as a culture symbol in the holy sign of the hammer of the ancients.
          The Moody son of Thor. See also Magni.
          Salaam-people ~ those who resigned themselves to Al-lahu the god.
          The name of a giant, but not the ruler of Muspelheim. This is a very old and difficult word.
          The first of the Nine Worlds; its name means perhaps Moisture-spoil­home. It is light and hot, and such flaming and burning is too much for those who are outlanders and own no heritage there. One who's called Surtr sits there at land's end as that land's warder. He has a flaming sword, and at the end of the world he will fare and harry and vanquish all gods and bum all the homes with fire.
          Mida, show, see, recognize, mark.
          Nail-fare, the ship ofthe dead, built from the uncut nails of corpses. Launched at Ragnarok, it is the largest ship in existence.
          Corpse Beach, where the straw-dead (those who died in bed) remain.
          Teutonic inhabitant of the Low Lands.
          Natural fire not kindled but produced by elemental action of sky (lightning) and earth (volcanic), or as reproduced by, for instance, friction.
          A universal lot that cannot be averted, a necessary happening.
          Waning Fells, from beneath which Nidhogr flies.
          Wane-pale, a name for Nidhogr.
          Waning Fields, where stood the gold-showered chamber of Sindri's family.
          Reviling-Striker, the dragon. Ever it gnaws the root of Ygdrasil.
          One of the Nine (Nebula Home), the world of mist that was before earth and sky. One root of Y gdrasil reaches here where lies the well from which Elivagar springs.
          A giant.
          A fair chamber stands by the well under Y gdrasil, and from that chamber came three maidens who are named Urd,yerdandi, Skuld. These maidens shape the eras of people. These we call noms. They come to every child who's born, to shape its life. And these are god-intimate, but others are of the elf family, and a third of the dwarf family. Good noms, of good family, shape good ages. But for those people who encounter misfortune, thus chose ill noms.
          A Teutonic people.
          North-Way, land of the Norse.
          The giantess Night.
          Inspiration, a husband of Freija.
          Woden, in the northern speech.
          Ecstacy Rearer, the cauldron of inspiration that contains the poetic mead.
          Uncold, where the giants' beer-chamber stands.
          Legendary land of the far East.
          Easter, Lady of Spring.
          A fabulous land.
          Cursed Judgement, it is characterized by the fimbulwinter, the world-fire, the sinking of the Earth, and the darkening of the Sun.
          Seize, wife to Aegir. The drowned belong to her.
          River in Europe and the mythology.
          Rigor, who ~ in an Eddic lay ~ begot thrall on great-grandmother, churl on grandmother, and earl on mother.
          The risi are a handsome and long lived race of giants. An old saw has: 'high like a risi, strong like a jotun, homely like a thurs.' The Age-old Saga relates that risis settled then widely, but some were half risis as there was then much together blending of nations, thusly risis caught women in Ymislandi (the lands made of Ymir, the Earth). In very old language rishi is a master, avatar, buddha, mahatma.
Roman Empire
          The great Italic realm of concentrated power.
          Sayings, a story, tale, legend, history, first oral, then written.
          A root language.
          A Teutonic tribal member.
          Land of the Saxons.
          A late pre-holocaust name for the northern lands, the Beautiful.
          Skinfaxi, the horse that pulls daylight.
          Father-of-victory, a name of Woden.
          Victory-friend, wife of Loki.
          Cinder, the dwarf who forged Gullinborsti (Golden Bristles), the boar that pulls Freyr's chariot; Draupnir (Dripper), Woden's arm-ring from which eight equally heavy rings drop every nine nights; Skidbladnir (Stick-blade, made-of-planks), Freyr's ship that has room on board for all the aesir in battle dress, always has a fair wind, and folds to be carried in a bag.
          Scathe, daughter of the giant Thiazi and mother of Freyr.
          Scold, curse, libel; but first a particular poet who because of the close interaction between alliteration, internal rhyme, syllable-counting meters, and the use ofkennings, were allowed little freedom; but the emphasis on skillful composition within this formal system is all the greater. The mead of poetry is a mythological intoxicating potion that makes a Skald of whoever drinks it. The myth of the theft of the mead by Woden is exceedingly ancient.
          Sheering (the brightly sparkling one), Freyr's messenger who was gifted his master's sword for wooing the giantess Gerdr.
          Thruster, a valkyrie.
          Debt, or Guilt, one of three maidens, the sisters of weird, who laid yore-law for ages-old children Ask and Embla.
          One of the dispersed Aryan nations.
          Slippering, the grey, eight-legged shaman's horse of Woden has Runes on his teeth. Loki, in the form of a mare, conceived him by the giant stallion Svadilfari (Swath Faring, treacherous going).
          Fearful, a river bubbling with sabers and swords.
          Snower, a giant.
          Those who wear cloaks ofsuf(coarse wool), keepers of the past and future Record, summoned with: Come you lost Atoms to your Center draw, and be the Eternal Mirror that you saw: Rays that have wandered into Dark­ness wide, return, and back into your Sun subside.
          The Black giant who rules Muspelheim. Surtr's flame makes the world conflagration of Ragnarok when he and Freyr do battle to the death of both.
          Land of the Swedes, a Teutonic people.
          The transcendent light and inward love, also known as Ju(pitor), Zeus, Ziu, Tuisto, Tiw, Tig, Tyr.
          A giant.
          People Rearer, a dwarf.
          Thunderer is foremost, and is called Asathor (Thor-of-the-aesir) or Akathor (Thor-of-the-yoke). He is the strongest of gods and people. He has a realm that Thrudvangar (Fortitude Fields) is named. But his hall is named Bilskirnir (Measure Sheeringer). Thor has heifers (bucks, he-goats) two: Tanngnjostur (Tooth-gnasher) and Tanngrisnir (Tooth-grinder), and a wagon in which he yokes, but the heifer-goats drag the wagon. Thus is he called Thor of the yoke. He also has three precious possessions, same is the hammer Mjolnir, which rime-thurses and mountain-risis know how it can come at them aloft, and this is not surprising. It has crushed many a skull of their fathers and relatives. Another possession among his best, same is the might-girth. And when he spans this around himself, then waxes his aesir-might by half. The third lot to him is in his mighty grippers. These are iron-gloves. He requires these to blunt the heat of the hammer's handle. The ancients held the sign of the hammer holy.
          Alarm, the giant who stole Thor's hammer.
          A name of Woden.
          A demon giant.
          Land of Turks whence Woden came.
          There is one aesir who is named Shining. He is the most daring and best minded, and he counsels much victory in wars. It is good for valorous people to call on him. It is proverbial that he is Tyr-valiant who is ahead of others and does not sit before them. He is also wise, such that it is said of who wisest is that he is Tyr-seeing. This is one mark of his daring, that when the aesir locked Fenris-wolf and wanted to lay the fetter Gleipnir on him, he did not trust them to loosen him until they laid Tyr's hand in his mouth as a pledge. But then when the aesir would not loose him, he bit the hand off where is now called the wolf-member (the wrist). And so he is one-handed, and not called peaceful man-maker.
          Old Upsala, Swedish secular and religious center.
          Weird, one of three maidens, the sisters of weird, who laid yore-law for ages-old children Ask and Embla.
          Under the third root of the ash Y gdrasil is a spring that is mighty and holy and is named Weird Spring. There own the gods their judgement-stead. It is said that the noms, who live by Urdarbrun, every day take water from the spring to put on the loam that lies about the spring, and sprinkle it up over the ash for its limbs must never become woody or rotten. But that water is so holy to all lots, that they who come there in that well become so white as the skin that lies within an eggshell.
          Father-of-the-fallen, Woden, who is named thus by his adopted sons ~ all those who were slain and fell. For them he equipped Valhalla, and named them only-harriers.
          Hall-of-the-fallen, where reside all people who have fallen in war since the upheaving of the homes and have come to Woden. As Gylfi observed: 'I think it must be almighty full of people!' Which is true, and many more will there be, yet they will seem too few when the wolf comes. The hall has 540 doors, and 800 of the only-harriers will march out each door to fight beside the aesir at Ragnarok.
          Balder's avenger, son of Woden by the rape of Rinda. He reappears with Vidar after Ragnarok to live in the new world.
          Choosers-of-the-fallen, they pick the worthy battle-slain to carry to Woden whose maidens and shield-girls they are.
          Vanir Home, one ofthe Nine Worlds.
          The Vanir are those who want or lack. As a race they occupy a position opposite that of the aesir, and their name may allude to their difference: perhaps the aesir have vitality while the vanir lack it and thus are unable to act in the manifested universe except by their seidr-magic relations with the aesir.
          Woden's brother~ one of the triad Woden, ViIi, and Ve, sons of Bor and Bestla in the myth of descent. His name is wiha: celebrate, ordain, devote, dedicate, consecrate, sanctuary, shrine.
          The four Books of Knowledge that originated among the Aryans.
          One of the scriptures of the Avesta.
          Becoming, one of three maidens, the sisters of weird, who laid yore­law for ages-old children Ask and Embla.
          The aesir Wider, at Ragnarok the avenger of his father Woden. Vidar will live in the new world after.
          Fight Rider, the plain of the final battle between the forces of Surtr and the aesir-Ied sons of the prime generation.
Viking (properly Vikinger)
         In heathen days it was usual for young men of distinction, before settling down, to make a warlike expedition to foreign parts, this voyage was called 'viking,' and was part of a man's education.
          Will, Woden's brother, one of the triad Woden, Vili, and Ve, sons of Bor and Bestla in the myth of descent.
          A name of Woden.
          Land of Wales, a Keltic tribe.
          The aesir of many names ~ one of the triad Woden, ViIi, and Ve, sons of Bor and Bestla in the myth of descent. His name is from odr and wuta and wods; it means: ecstacy, inspiration, fury, possessed, prophet. There is a mighty stead that's named Valaskjalf (Chosen-shelf). That stead is Woden's. It was made by gods and thatched with pure silver, and Hlidskjalf (Open­scaffold) is there in this chamber, that high-seat that is so named. And when Alfadur sits in that seat, then he sees about all the homes. The viands that lie on his plate, he gives to two wolves who are named Geri (Greedy) and Freki (Harsh). But no viands needs he. Wine is both his food and drink. Ravens two sit on his shoulders and say in his ears all the tidings of which they see or hear. They are named such: Hugin (Thought, thinking) and Munin (Mind, remembering). Them he sends at dawn to fly about all the homes, and after they come to the breakfast-meal. Therefrom becomes he aware of many tidings. Thus call people him Raven-god. He is also known as Fjolsvidr (Full-wise). His knowledge he got by a draught from Mimir's welL but he had to sacrifice an eye to get it. So he is also referred to as the one-eyed aesir. When he is seen he wears a broad-brimmed hat and a cloak that conceals him. He owns the spear Gungnir, the horse Sieipnir, and the ring Draupnir (Dripper), the arm-ring from which eight equally heavy rings drop every nine nights.
          A name of Woden that means terrible, fierce, vicious, awful.
          The World Tree. Because Woden hung on the windy trunk all of nine nights, the tree's puzzling name has been taken to mean Woden's Horse from Woden's name Ygr and Drasil, which (in the fragment of Aldinnsmal) is the name of a horse ridden by Dagr; while a dwarf in Fjolsvinnsmal is named Vegdrasil (translated as Way-horse). The word drasil may be related to the word dross (cast off matter, sloughed off skin, fallen tree-leaves, etc.), and Ygdrasil may mean something like Horrible Dandruff. The ash is of all the trees the best. Its limbs spread over all the homes and stand over heaven. The three roots of this tree hold it up and stand far abroad. One is with the aesir, another with the rime-thurses, the same where Ginungagap spewed forth. The third stands over Niflheim, and under this root is Hvergelmir (Where-yell-moisture, the spring from which Elivagar flowed), but Nidhog gnaws beneath this root. But under the root that to the rime-thurses turns, there is Mimir's spring, in which peace and consciousness is hidden. And Mimir is the one who is at that well. The third root of the ash stands in heaven, and under this root is a spring that is mighty and holy and is named Urdarbrunn. There own gods their judgement-stead. Much is there to say of Ygdrasil. An eagle sits in the limbs of the ash, and he is very knowledgable. But between his eyes sits a hawk with the name Vedurfolnir (Weather- paled). A squirrel, named Ratatoskr (Travel Tusker), runs up and down along the tree and bears words of slander between the eagle and Nidhog. But forty harts run in the limbs and bite the buds.
          The Teutonic proto-giant. His name is from iemo and means twin, or hermaphrodite; his other name Aurgelmir is loam-yell-moisture; in the Secret Doctrine, primordial matter differentiated from chaos; literally: seething clay. It is written that as the cold stead of Niflheim holds all grim lots, such were ages that know the nearness to Muspel brings heat and light. But Ginungagap lacked the same and its air was windless. When the rime was met with the heat of the breezes, there was such melting and dripping, that from this fell drops of vitality, quickened by what had crafted it and which sent the heat, and it grew into a human likeness who was named Ymir. But rime-thurses call him Aurgelmir, and from thence came the family of rime­thurses. But never shall we confess him to be a god. He was ill and all his family. And such is said that when he slept he fetched his sweat. Then waxed under his left hand a man and a woman, and his one foot begat a son with the other. But from there came the families that are rime-thurses. This old rime-thurs we call him Ymir.
          Zoroaster the prophet who left three germs in the world to impregnate a maiden to bear an avatar in each millennium.
          The old Indo-European language of the Avesta.


[About Ragnarok] [In the Beginning] [Futhark] [Name Scroll] [Nine in the Tree] [Runes of Magic and Mystery] [Weird] [Wise Woman Speaks] [Words of Woden] [Works Cited]